On 15 October 2023, over 800 scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies signed a public statement warning of the possibility of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip.
As published on Third World Approaches to International Law Review 17 October 2023.
As scholars and practitioners of international law, conflict studies and genocide studies, we are compelled to sound the alarm about the possibility of the crime of genocide being perpetrated by Israeli forces against Palestinians in the Gaza Strip. We do not do so lightly, recognising the weight of this crime, but the gravity of the current situation demands it.
The pre-existing conditions in the Gaza Strip had already prompted discussions of genocide prior to the current escalation – such as by the National Lawyers Guild in 2014, the Russell Tribunal on Palestine in 2014, and the Center for Constitutional Rights in 2016. Scholars have warned over the years that the siege of Gaza may amount to a “prelude to genocide” or a “slow-motion genocide”. The prevalence of racist and dehumanising language and hate speech in social media was also noted in a warning issued in July 2014 by the UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, in response to Israel’s conduct against the protected Palestinian population. The Special Advisers noted that individual Israelis had disseminated messages that could be dehumanising to the Palestinians and that had called for the killing of members of this group, and reiterated that incitement to commit atrocity crimes is prohibited under international law.
Israel’s current military offensive on the Gaza Strip since 7 October 2023, however, is unprecedented in scale and severity, and consequently in its ramifications for the population of Gaza. Following the incursion by Palestinian armed groups on 7 October 2023, including criminal attacks against Israeli civilians, the Gaza Strip has been subjected to incessant and indiscriminate bombardment by Israeli forces. Between 7 October and 9:00 a.m. on 15 October, there have been 2,329 Palestinians killed and 9,042 Palestinians injured in Israeli attacks on Gaza, including over 724 children, huge swathes of neighbourhoods and entire families across Gaza have been obliterated. Israel’s Defence Minister ordered a “complete siege” of the Gaza Strip prohibiting the supply of fuel, electricity, water and other essential necessities. This terminology itself indicates an intensification of an already illegal, potentially genocidal siege to an outright destructive assault.
Late on 12 October, the Israeli authorities issued an order for more than 1.1million Palestinians in Gaza City and the northern Gaza Strip to leave their homes and flee to the south of Gaza within 24 hours, knowing that this would be practically impossible for many. Palestinians who did start to evacuate south reported that civilians and ambulances were targeted and hit by Israeli airstrikes on the designated “safe route”, killing at least 70 Palestinians who were fleeing to seek refuge. The ICRC stated that “the evacuation orders, coupled with the complete siege” are incompatible with international humanitarian law. Almost half a million Palestinians have already been displaced, and Israeli forces have bombed the only possible exit route that Israel does not control, the Rafah crossing to Egypt multiple times. The World Health Organisation published a warning that “[f]orcing more than 2000 patients to relocate to southern Gaza, where health facilities are already running at maximum capacity and unable to absorb a dramatic rise in the number patients, could be tantamount to a death sentence”.
There has also been an escalation of violence, arrests, expulsions, and destruction of whole Palestinian communities in the occupied West Bank and Jerusalem. Since 7 October, Israeli settlers, with the backing of the army and police, have attacked and shot Palestinian civilians at point blank range (as documented in the villages of a-Tuwani and Qusra), have invaded their homes and assaulted residents. A number of Palestinian communities have already been forced to abandon their homes, after which settlers arrived and destroyed their property. Between 7 – 15 October, Al-Haq documented the killing by Israeli military and settlers of 55 Palestinians in the West Bank, and more the injury of 1,200 Palestinians there.
Statements of Israeli officials since 7 October 2023 suggest that beyond the killings and restriction of basic conditions for life perpetrated against Palestinians in Gaza, there are also indications that the ongoing and imminent Israeli attacks on the Gaza Strip are being conducted with potentially genocidal intent. Language used by Israeli political and military figures appears to reproduce rhetoric and tropes associated with genocide and incitement to genocide. Dehumanising descriptions of Palestinians have been prevalent. Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant declared on 9 October that “we are fighting human animals and we act accordingly”. He subsequently announced that Israel was moving to “a full-scale response” and that he had “removed every restriction” on Israeli forces, as well as stating: “Gaza won’t return to what it was before. We will eliminate everything.” On 10 October, the head of the Israeli army’s Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), Maj. Gen. Ghassan Alian, addressed a message directly to Gaza residents: “Human animals must be treated as such. There will be no electricity and no water, there will only be destruction. You wanted hell, you will get hell”. The same day, Israeli army spokesperson Daniel Hagari acknowledged the wanton and intentionally destructive nature of Israel’s bombing campaign in Gaza: “The emphasis is on damage and not on accuracy.”
Since 2007, Israel has defined the Gaza Strip as a whole as an “enemy entity”. On 7 October, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Gazans would pay an “immense price” for the actions of Hamas fighters. He asserted that Israel will wage a prolonged offensive and will turn parts of Gaza’s densely populated urban centres “into rubble”. Israel’s President emphasised that the Israeli authorities view the entire Palestinian population of Gaza as responsible for the actions of militant groups, and subject accordingly to collective punishment and unrestricted use of force: “It is an entire nation out there that is responsible. It is not true this rhetoric about civilians not being aware, not involved. It’s absolutely not true”. Israeli Minister of Energy and Infrastructure Israel Katz added: “All the civilian population in Gaza is ordered to leave immediately. We will win. They will not receive a drop of water or a single battery until they leave the world.”
Evidence of incitement to genocide has also been present in Israeli public discourse. This ranges from statements by elected officials – such as Knesset member Ariel Kallner’s call on 7 October for “one goal: Nakba! [catastrophe for Palestinians] A Nakba that will overshadow the Nakba of 1948” – to public banners displayed in Israeli cities calling for a “victory” signified by “zero population in Gaza” and the “annihilation of Gaza”. On national television, security correspondent Alon Ben David relayed the Israeli military’s plan to destroy Gaza City, Jabaliyya, Beit Lahiya, and Beit Hanun. Such statements are not new and resonate with a wider Israeli discourse showcasing the intent for elimination and genocide against the Palestinian people. Earlier in the year, for example, Israeli Minister of Finance Bezalel Smotrich called Palestinians “repugnant”, “disgusting” and called for “wiping out” the entire Palestinian village of Huwwara in the West Bank.
On 12 October 2023, a group of UN Special Rapporteurs’ condemned “Israel’s indiscriminate military attacks against the already exhausted Palestinian people of Gaza, comprising over 2.3 million people, nearly half of whom are children. They have lived under unlawful blockade for 16 years, and already gone through five major brutal wars, which remain unaccounted for”. The UN experts warned against “the withholding of essential supplies such as food, water, electricity and medicines. Such actions will precipitate a severe humanitarian crisis in Gaza, where its population is now at inescapable risk of starvation. Intentional starvation is a crime against humanity”. On 14 October 2023, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the occupied Palestinian territory warnedagainst “a repeat of the 1948 Nakba, and the 1967 Naksa, yet on a larger scale” as Israel carries out “mass ethnic cleansing of Palestinians under the fog of war”.
The Palestinian people constitute a national group for the purposes of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (the Genocide Convention). The Palestinians of the Gaza Strip constitute a substantial proportion of the Palestinian nation, and are being targeted by Israel because they are Palestinian. The Palestinian population of Gaza appears to be presently subjected by the Israeli forces and authorities to widespread killing, bodily and mental harm, and unviable conditions of life – against a backdrop of Israeli statements which evidence signs of intent to physically destroy the population.
Article II of the Genocide Convention provides that “genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”
All states are bound as a matter of law by the principle that genocide is a crime prohibited under international law. The International Court of Justice has affirmed that the prohibition of genocide is a peremptory norm of international law from which no derogation is allowed. The Convention provides that individuals who attempt genocide or who incite to genocide “shall be punished, whether they are constitutionally responsible rulers, public officials or private individuals”.
Article I of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide provides that: “The Contracting Parties confirm that genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent and to punish”. The International Court of Justice has clarified that “a State’s obligation to prevent, and the corresponding duty to act, arise at the instant that the State learns of, or should normally have learned of, the existence of a serious risk that genocide will be committed. From that moment onwards, if the State has available to it means likely to have a deterrent effect on those suspected of preparing genocide, or reasonably suspected of harbouring specific intent (dolus specialis), it is under a duty to make such use of these means as the circumstances permit”.
Palestinian human rights organisations, Jewish civil society groups, Holocaust and genocide studies scholars and others have by now warned of an imminent genocide against the Palestinian population in Gaza. We emphasise the existence of a serious risk of genocide being committed in the Gaza Strip.
The undersigned urgently appeal to states to take concrete and meaningful steps to individually and collectively prevent genocidal acts, in line with their legal duty to prevent the crime of genocide. They must protect the Palestinian population, and ensure that Israel refrains from any further incitement to genocide and from the perpetration of conduct prohibited by Article II of the Genocide Convention.
All states should immediately act under Article VIII, and should call upon the competent organs of the United Nations, particularly the UN General Assembly, to take urgent action under the Charter of the United Nations appropriate for the prevention and suppression of acts of genocide. We note specifically the role of the General Assembly here, given that the Security Council is compromised by the United States and the United Kingdom (both permanent veto-holding members) sending military forces to the eastern Mediterranean in support of Israel.
We recall that in 1982, the General Assembly condemned the massacre of Palestinian civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps as “an act of genocide”. We note also that the state of Palestine is entitled to initiate, in accordance with Article IX of the Genocide Convention, proceedings before the International Court of Justice in order to prevent the perpetration of genocidal acts.
Finally, we call on all relevant UN bodies, including the Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect, as well as the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to immediately intervene, to carry out the necessary investigations and invoke the necessary warning procedures to protect the Palestinian population from genocide.
Aanchal Saraf, Dartmouth College
Aannd Vaidya, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Reed College
Aaron Seymour, Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
Aasiya Lodhi, Senior Lecturer, University of Westminster.
Abdelghany Sayed, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School.
Abdullah Omran, PhD student, Indiana University
Abigail Balbale, New York University
Adalmir Marquetti, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS).
Adam Elliott-Cooper, Lecturer, School of Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
Andrea Gadberry, Associate Professor, NYU
Adrian Carrillo Gomez, PhD student, Deusto University.
Afshin Matin-Asgari, Professor of Middle East history, California State University, Los Angeles
Ahmad Al-Dissi, Professor, University of Saskatchewan
Ahmad Fouad, Lecturer of Law, the British University in Egypt
Ahmad Khaled, PhD, Assistant Professor of Public Law, Birzeit University.
Ahmad Mustafa, Ph.D. student at the University of Kansas
Ahmed Abofoul, International Lawyer, Legal Researcher and Advocacy Officer at Al-Haq Organisation
Ahmed Selim, PhD Student, University of Chicago
Ahmet Ferhat Baran, PhD Student, University of Aberdeen.
Ajantha Subramanian, Professor, City University of New York.
Alba Valenciano-Mañé, post-doctoral researcher, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid
Albert Caramés, Adjunct Professor, Blanquerna – Ramon Llull University
Alessandra Mezzadri SOAS Reader in Global Development and Political Economy
Alessandro Donadio Miebach, Adjunct Professor, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.
Alexander D. Barder, Professor of International Relations, Florida International University
Alexandre Abreu, Assistant Professor, ISEG-Lisbon School of Economics and Management.
Alfredo Alietti, Professor, University of Ferrara Italy
Ali Cebeci, PhD, Georgetown University
Ali Raza, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
Alice Panepinto, Reader, School of Law, Queen’s University Belfast
Alicia Campos Serrano, Profesora Titular, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Alison Phipps, UNESCO, Chair University of Glasgow
Alma Khasawnih, The College of New Jersey
Alyosxa Tudor, Reader in Gender Studies, SOAS University of London.
Alyssa Kristeller, Graduate Student Georgetown University.
Aman, Associate Professor of Legal Practice, Jindal Global University
Amber De Clerck, PhD Student & Teaching Assistant, Ghent University, Belgium
Amber Lakhani, PhD Candidate & GTA, SOAS University of London.
Amira Abdelhamid, Lecturer in International Relations, University of Portsmouth
Amy Strecker, Associate Professor of Law, University College Dublin
Anamika Misra, Associate Lecturer, University of Bristol.
Anand Sheombar, researcher & lecturer, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht, NL.
Ananya Chakravarti, Associate Professor of History, Georgetown University
Anas Karzai, Laurentian University, Canada
Andrea Cornwall, Professor of Global Development and Anthropology, King’s College London.
Andrea Maria Pelliconi, Teaching Associate, University of Nottingham
Andrea Mura, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London
Andrea Teti, Associate Professor of Political Science, Univeristy of Salerno, Italy
Andrew Bush, Assistant Professor, Bard College
Angana Chatterji, University of California, Berkeley.
Angela Daly, Professor of Law & Technology, University of Dundee.
Angela Smith, Sessional Academic, University of New South Wales
Angela Zito, Anthropology/Religious Studies, NYU
Anita H. Fábos, Professor, International Development, Community & Environment Department, Clark University
Anita Rupprecht, University of Brighton
Anjali Arondekar, Professor, Feminist Studies, UCSC
Anna Bigelow, Stanford University.
Anna Ferguson, Georgetown University
Anna Rosellini, University of Bologna
Anna-Claire Steffen, PhD Candidate, UMass Amherst
Annaclaudia Martini, Assistant Professor at University of Bologna, Italy
Annapurna Menon, Teaching Associate, University of Sheffield
Anne Berg, Assistant Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania.
Anne Hunnell Chen, Assistant Professor of Art History and visual culture, Bard College
Anne Norton, Professor, University of Pennsylvania
Anneke Newman, Senior Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Ghent
Anooradha Iyer Siddiqi, Barnard College, Columbia University
Anthony Alessandrini, Professor, City University of New York
Anthony Gorman, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh.
Anton Shammas, Prof. Emeritus of Middle East Literatures, University of Michigan
Antonio Scialà, Università Roma Tre, Italy
Antonio Y. Vazquez-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Rutgers University-Newark.
Arathi Sriprakash, University of Oxford
Arun Kundnani, independent scholar and writer
Arzu Somalı, PhD student, University of Istanbul.
Aseil Abu-Baker, Legal Consultant.
Ashok Kumar, Senior Lecturer of Political Economy, Birkbeck University.
Aslı Bâli, Professor of Law, Yale University
Astrid Mrkich, refugee lawyer, Toronto, Canada
Ata Hindi, Birzeit University.
Atiya Habeeb Kidwai, retired Professor, Jawharlal Nehru University, India
Avital Ronell, University Professor of the Humanities, NYU
Ayça Çubukçu, Associate Professor in Human Rights, LSE
Ayesha Khalid Chaudhry, Doctoral candidate at Deakin University Australia
Ayesha Umaña Dajud, JSD student, Cornell University
Ayushman Bhagat, Lecturer, Brunel University London
Azam Khatam, Instructor, York University
Azeezah Kanji, legal academic and journalist
Badreddine Rachidi, Graduate Student & Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University.
Baki Tezcan, Professor of History, University of California, Davis
Banah Ghadbian, Assistant Professor Of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College
Barbara Aiolfi, research fellow University of Milan – BICOCCA
Barbara De Poli, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University Venice
Barry Trachtenberg, Rubin Presidential Chair of Jewish History, Wake Forest University, North Carolina.
Basheer Ahmad, Retired professor, JNU, New Delhi
Bashir Saade, Lecturer in Politics and Religion, University of Stirling
Bayan Abusneineh, Assistant Professor, Ohio State University
Ben Golder, Professor, UNSW
Ben Whitham, Lecturer in International Relations, SOAS University of London
Ben Wiedel-Kaufmann, Lecturer, The Open University.
Benjamin Selwyn, Professor of International Relations and Development, University of Sussex.
Benjamin Thorne, Lecturer in Law, University of Kent
Berklee Baum, DPhil, University of Oxford
Besan Jaber, Georgetown University
Bielasan Tareq Zaina, PhD Student, Georgetown University
Bikrum Gill, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Virginia Tech
Bilal Maanaki, University of Virginia
Bilge Yesil, City University of New York
Bircan Ciytak, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham
Birgul Kutan, University of Sussex
Bishnupriya Ghosh, Professor, UC Santa Barbara
Blanca Camps-Febrer, Adjunct Lecturer, Autonomous University of Barcelona
Brannon Ingram, Associate Professor of Religious Studies, North-western University
Brendan Ciaran Browne, Assistant Professor, School of Religion, Theology and Peace Studies, Trinity College Dublin
Brenna Bhandar, Associate Professor, Allard Law Faculty
Bridget Guarasci, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Franklin & Marshall College
Bruce Robbins, Columbia University
Camila Vergara, Senior Lecturer, University of Essex
Camilo Pérez-Bustillo, Executive Director, National Lawyers’ Guild – San Francisco Bay Area chapter
Carlo Caprioglio, Legal Clinic on Migration and Asylum, Università Roma Tre
Carlo Leget, Professor of Care Ethics, University of Humanistic Studies.
Carlos Bichet, Assistant Professor, Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas , Universidad de Panama
Catherine Charrett, Senior Lecturer, International Relations, University of Westminster.
Catherine Larocque, PhD candidate, University of Ottawa
Cemil Aydin, Professor of International History, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Ceyda Turan, Lawyer at Turan Law Office
Chaman Lal Retd Professor JNU
Charles des Portes, Teaching Fellow in Political Theory, University of Leeds
Chenjerai Kumanyika, Assistant Professor, NYU Journalism
Chiara De Cesari, Professor of Heritage, Memory and Cultural Studies, University of Amsterdam.
Chiara Pagano, Post-doc, University of Graz
Chi-Chi Shi, PhD Researcher, Durham University
Chris Barker, Assistant Professor, The American University in Cairo
Chris Dole, Professor of Anthropology, Amherst College
Chris Gilbert, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela
Christina Murray, Graduate Student, MAAS, Georgetown.
Christine Hong, Professor, UC Santa Cruz
Christo El Morr, Professor, York University, Canada
Christopher Parker, Associate Professor, Ghent University
Cigdem Cidam, Professor of Political Science, Union College Schenectady NY
Cira Pascual Marquina, Professor of Political Studies, Universidad Bolivariana de Venezuela
Claire Begbie, PhD student at Concordia University, Montreal.
Claire Gallien, Professor, University Montpellier 3
Clara Han, Professor of Anthropology, Johns Hopkins University
Claudia Dides, Universidad de Santiago.
Claudia Saba, Adjunct Lecturer, Ramon Llull University
Clement Sichimwa, Lecturer and Researcher at University of Zambia
Clod Marlan Krister Yambao, Asst. Professor University of the Philippines Dept. of Art Studies and Doctoral Research Fellow, Conflict Research Group, Ghent Univesity
Colleen Bell, Associate Professor, University of Saskatchewan
Cristiana Fiamingo, assistant prof. University of Milan
Cristina Bacchilega, Professor Emerita, University of Hawaii-Manoa
Curtis F.J. Doebbler, Research Professor of Law, Department of Law, University of Makeni
Cynthia Franklin, Professor, University of Hawai’i
Dalia Said Mostafa, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar
Daniel Brown, PhD, LSE Sociology Department
Daniel Segal, Jean M Pitzer Professor Emeritus, Pitzer College
Daniel Stein, Assistant Professor, O.P. Jindal Global Law School
Daniela Meneghini ca’ Foscari università of Venice
Daniela Pioppi University of Naples L’Orientale
Danielle Fernandes, Doctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Dara Leyden, PhD candidate, Queen Mary University of London
Daragh Murray, Senior Lecturer, School of Law, Queen Mary University of London.
Darryl Li, Associate Professor of Anthropology and Associate Member of the Law School, University of Chicago.
David Leadbeater, Adjunct Professor, Laurentian University, Canada
David Palumbo-Liu, Louise Hewlett Nixon Professor, Stanford University.
David Theo Goldberg, Professor, University of California, Irvine
David van Leeuwen, professor, Radboud University Nijmegen
David Whyte, Professor of Climate Justice, Queen Mary University of London
Dearbhla Minogue, Senior Lawyer at Global Legal Action Network
Deborah B. Gould, Professor of Sociology, University of California, Santa Cruz
Deborah Lawson, PhD Candidate, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool.
Deen Sharp, Visiting Fellow, LSE
Diana Allan, McGill University
Diana Jeater, Professor of African History, University of Liverpool
Diane Lamoureux, professeure émérite, Université Laval.
Dimitri Van Den Meerssche, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London.
Dina Al-Kassim, Professor, University of British Columbia
Dina M. Siddiqi, Global Liberal Studies, New York University
Dina Matar, Professor Political Communication, SOAS
Dino Pancani C, Facultad de Comunicacion e Imagen, Universidad de Chile
Dipti Khera, Associate Professor, New York University
Dolly Kikon, University of Melbourne
Donia Khraishi, Georgetown University
Douaa sheet, Assistant Professor, American University
Douglas Carson, Design Fellow, University College Dublin
Dr David Landy, Director of MPhil in Race Ethnicity and Conflict, Trinity College Dublin
Edemilson Paraná, Associate Professor of Social Sciences, LUT University, Finland
Eduardo Villavicencio, PhD Student, Kent Law School.
Edward Brennan, Lecturer, Technological University, Dublin
Edwin Bikundo, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School
Eftychia Mylona, Lecturer, Leiden University
Egidio de Bustamante, Senior Lecturer, Unit for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Innsbruck.
Ekin Kurtic, Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwestern University
Elena Vezzadini, Research affiliate, Institute for African Worlds
Elif Babül, Associate Professor, Mount Holyoke College
Elif Durmuş, Postdoctoral Researcher in International Law and Human Rights, University of Antwerp
Elisa Giunchi, Professor, Università degli studi di Milano
Elizabeth Shakman Hurd, Professor of Politics and Religious Studies, Northwestern University.
Elora Halim Chowdhury, Professor, UMass Boston
Elora Shehabuddin, Professor, UC Berkeley
Elyse Crystall, Teaching Professor, UNC Chapel Hill
Emilio Dabed, adjunct professor of law, York University, Toronto
Emily J. Sumner, Ph.D. candidate, University of Minnesota
Emily Watkins, Graduate Teaching Assistant/Instructor, University of Kansas
Emma Palmer, Senior Lecturer, Griffith University
Enrica Rigo, Associate professor of law, University of Roma Tre
Eren Duzgun, Assistant Professor of International Relations, University of Cyprus
Eric Hooglund, Editor, Middle East Critique
Eskandar Sadeghi, Associate Professor, University of York
Estella Carpi, Assistant Professor in Humanitarian Studies, University College London
Ettore Asoni, University of Bologna
Eva Nanopoulos, Senior Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London
Fabia Fernandes Carvalho, Assistant Professor, Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Fabio Lanza, Professor, University of Arizona
Fabio Marcelli, Senior Researcher of the Institute for International legal studies.
Fadi Ennab, Vanier Scholar/PhD Student, University of Manitoba
Farah Mahmoud, Doctoral Candidate, Florida International University
Farida Khan, Professor, University of Colorado
Fatemeh Shams, Associate Professor of Persian Studies, University of Pennsylvania, U.S.A
Fathimah Fildzah Izzati, PhD Candidate, SOAS University of London
Fatima Sajjad, Associate professor, Director Center for Critical Peace Studies, University of Management and Technology Lahore
Fauzia Ahmad, Senior Lecturer, Goldsmiths
Féilim Ó hAdhmaill, Lecturer, University College Cork
Felícia Campos, PhD researcher in Islamic & Middle Eastern Studies, University of Edinburgh.
Felicite Fairer-Wessels, emeritus professor, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Fernando Quintana, PhD Student and GTA, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law
Fida Adely, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
Fien De Meyer, PhD, University of Antwerp.
Flagg Miller, Professor, University of California, Davis
Francesca Biancani, Associate Professor, University of Bologna
Francesca Romana Ammaturo, Senior Lecturer, London Metropolitan University.
Francis Cody, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Toronto
Francisca James Hernandez, Instructional Faculty, Pima Community College
Fulya Pinar, Postdoctoral scholar, Middle East Studies, Brown University.
Gabriela Kuetting, Professor of Global Politics, Rutgers University-Newark
Gabriele vom Bruck, SOAS.
Gareth Dale, Politics, Brunel University
Gargi Bhattacharyya, Professor, University of the Arts
Gary Fields, University of California San Diego
Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Professor, Columbia University
Gearóid Ó Cuinn, Founding Director, Global Legal Action Network (GLAN)
Gennaro Gervasio, Associate Professor, Università Roma Tre
German Correa profesor Universidad de Santiago de Chile.
Germán Santana Pérez, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Ghada Ageel, University of Alberta.
Ghadir Zannoun, Associate Professor, University of Kentucky
Gholam Khiabany, Goldsmiths, University of London
Gianfranco Ragona, professor at University of Turin
Gillian Hart, Professor Emeritus, University of California Berkeley
Gillian Maris Jones, Ph.D. candidate, University of Pennsylvania
Giorgia Baldi, Lecturer, University of Sussex.
Giulia Contes, project manger and PhD student, UAntwerpen
Giuseppe Aragno, Storico, Fondazione Humaniter, Napoli
Giuseppe Mastruzzo, Director, International University College of Turin
Gloria Novovic, Gender, Development and Globalisation Fellow, London School of Economics.
Golnar Nikpour, Assistant Professor or History, Dartmouth College
Gordon Christie, Professor, Peter A Allard School of Law, University of British Columbia
Goretti Horgan, Senior Lecturer, Ulster University
Greg Albo, professor, Politics, York University
Greg Burris, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
Guido Donini, former Assistant Professor 0ffof Classics at the University of Chicago
Guillermo Gigliani, Professor, Universidad Nacional de Moreno, Argentina
Hadia Mubarak, Assistant Professor of Religion, Queens University of Charlotte.
Haim Beresheeth, Professorial Research Associate, SOAS University of London.
Hakeem Yusuf, Professor of Global Law, University of Derby
Hamed Al-Mogarry, Sana’a University.
Hanan Elsayed, Occidental College
Hanan Kashou, Associate Teaching Professor, Rutger University.
Hanan Toukan, Associate Professor, Bard College Berlin
Hannah Boast, Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Edinburgh
Hannah NS Bahrin, PhD student, Queen Mary University
Hannelore Van Bavel, postdoctoral researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & University of Bristol
Harold Marcuse, Professor of History, University of California, Santa Barbara
Hasan Basri Bülbül, Assistant Professor of International Law, Boğaziçi University, Turkey.
Hasan Shuaib, PhD Graduate, Rutgers University
Hassan Jabareen, General Director, Adalah Legal Center.
Hatice Ozturk, PhD student, Georgetown University
Hayley Gibson, University of Kent.
Hazem Jamjoum, Curator, British Library.
Helga Tawil-Souri, Associate Professor, New York University
Helmi Mohammed Abdo, Sana’a Community College.
Helyeh Doutaghi, Research Scholar, Yale University.
Hesham Sallam, Stanford University
Hilla Dayan, Lecturer, Amsterdam University College.
Hossein Kamaly, Professor of Interfaith Studies, Hartford international University for Religion and Peace
Howard Pflanzer, Adj. Associate Professor, Hunter College
Howard Winant, University of California, Santa Barbara
Howie Rechavia-Taylor, Fellow, LSE
Hulya Dagdeviren, Professor of Economic Development, University of Hertfordshire.
Humeira Iqtidar, King’s College London
Huseyin Disli & Kent Law School/Worldwide Lawyers Association Research and Programmes Executive.
Idil Abdillahi Assistant Professor, TMU.
Ignasi Bernat, Postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Sociology, University of Barcelona
Inessa Hadjivayanis, PhD candidate, SOAS.
Inge van Nistelrooij, associate professor, University of Humanistic Studies, Utrecht.
Intan Suwandi, Assistant Professor of Sociology, Illinois State University.
Iqra Anugrah, Research Fellow, International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden University.
Ira Bhaskar, Retd. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Irene Van Staveren, professor of economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Irina Ceric, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor Faculty of Law
Isabel Huacuja Alonso, Assistant Professor, Columbia University
Isabel Käser, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Bern
Isabella Camera d’Afflitto – Honorary Professor, Sapienza università di Roma
Isabelle Mildonian, Graduate, Roanoke College.
Işıl Aral, Assistant professor of international law, Koç University
Isobel Roele, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London
Issa Shivji, Professor Emeritus, University of Dar es Salaam
J. Travis Shutz, Assistant Professor, California State University Los Angeles
Jack Halberstam, Columbia University
Jack McGinn, PhD candidate, LSE
Jairo I. Fúnez-Flores, Texas Tech University
Jalal Kawash, Academic, University of Calgary
Jamal Ali, Assistant Teaching Professor, Rutgers University
James Eastwood, Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London
Jan Selby, Professor of International Politics, University of Leeds
Jaskiran Dhillon, Associate Professor, The New School
Jasmin Johurun Nessa, University of Liverpool.
Jasmine Barzani, PhD candidate Melbourne University
Jason Beckett, Associate Professor, American University in Cairo
Javier González-Arellano, Profesor asociado de filosofía del Derecho Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.
Jay Ramasubramanyam, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science, York University
Jean Beaman, Associate Professor, Sociology, University of California-Santa Barbara
Jeannette Graulau, Associate Professor, CUNY
Jeff Handmaker, Associate Professor, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Jeffrey Sacks, Associate Professor, University of California, Riverside
Jeffrey Stevenson Murer, Senior Lecturer on Collective Violence, University of St Andrews
Jehan Mohamed, Lecturer, Rutgers State University.
Jenny Phillimore, Professor, University of Birmingham
Jeremy Dell, Lecturer, University of Edinburgh
Jessie Daniels, PhD, Professor, CUNY
Jillian Rogin, Associate Professor (Law), University of Windsor.
Jinan Bastaki, Associate Professor of Legal Studies, NYUAD.
Jo Bluen, London School of Economics, PhD candidate
Joel Gordon, Professor of History, University of Arkansas
Johanna Ray Vollhardt, Associate Professor, Clark University
John Bellamy Foster, Profesor Emeritus, University of Oregon.
John Cox, Director, Center for Holocaust, Genocide & Human Rights Studies, University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
John L. Esposito, Distinguished University Professor, Georgetown University
John Reynolds, Associate Professor of International Law, Maynooth University.
Jolanda Guardi, Professor, University of Turin
Jo-Marie Burt, Associate Professor, George Mason University
Jonathan Wheeler, Assistant professor and researcher, National University of Tucumán-CONICET.
Jordan Cortesi, PhD student, University of Kansas.
Jordana Silverstein, Senior Research Fellow, University of Melbourne
Jose Itzigsohn, Professor of Sociology, Brown University
Joseph Elsayyid, Yale University
Julian Go, Professor, University of Chicago
Juliane Hammer, Professor of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Jyotirmaya Sharma, Professor, University of Hyderabad
Kaiya Aboagye, Senior Lecturer, University Western Sydney
Kalbir Shukra, former senior lecturer now independent researcher.
Kareem Rabie, Associate Professor, University of Illinois at Chicago
Karen Crawley, Senior Lecturer, Griffith Law School
Karin Arts, Professor of International Law and Development, International Institute of Social Studies
Karma Nabulsi, Professor, University of Oxford
Kasia Paprocki, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
Katherine Gallagher, Center for Constitutional Rights
Katherine Natanel, Senior Lecturer in Gender Studies, University of Exeter
Kathy Engel, Associate Arts Professor, NYU
Katy Kalemkerian, John Abbott College
Kaveh Ehsani, Associate Professor, DePaul University- Chicago
Ken Fero Assistant Professor Coventry University
Kenzie El Bakry, Graduate Social Sciences, University of Düsseldorf
Kevin A. Gould, Associate Professor of Geography, Concordia University
Kevin Skerrett, Adjunct Research Professor, Institute of Political Economy, Carleton University
Khaled Abou El Fadl, Professor, UCLA law School
Kiran Asher, Professor and Chair, Department of Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies, UMass Amherst
Kirsten Forkert, Professor of Cultural Studies, Birmingham City University.
Koen Leurs, Associate Professor, Utrecht University.
Kristina Richardson, Professor, University of Virginia.
Kurt Schock, Professor, Rutgers University, Newark
Laila Farah, Depaul University, Associate Professor
Laila Parsons, Professor, McGill University
Laila Shereen Sakr, Associate Professor, UC Santa Barbara
Laith Aqel, Clinical Lecturer in Law, Yale Law School.
Laleh Khalili, Professor, Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, University of Exeter
Lana Sirri, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Amsterdam.
Lara Deeb, Professor of Anthropology, Scripps College
Lara Fricke, PhD candidate University of Exeter
Lara Khattab, Assistant Professor at Mount Allison University
Laura Betancur Restrepo, Associate Professor of International Law, Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia
Laura De Vos, Assistant Professor American Studies, Radboud University
Laura Fair, Professor, Columbia University
Laura Maghețiu, Doctoral Researcher, CLaSP, Queen Mary University of London
Laura Rodriguez Castro, Southern Cross University
Laurie King, Anthropology, Georgetown University
Laurie King, Teaching Professor, Department of Anthropology, Georgetown University
Layli Uddin, Lecturer, Queen Mary University of London
Leena Grover, Associate Professor of International Law, Tilburg University
Leila Ullrich, Associate Professor of Criminology, University of Oxford.
Lena Alhusseini, Phd Student, California Institute of Integral Studies
Leo Spitzer, Professor of History Emeritus, Dartmouth College
Leon Sealey-Huggins, Assistant Professor of Global Sustainable Development, University of Warwick
Leticia Rovira-Facultad de Humanidades y Artes- Universidad Nacional de Rosario – Argentina
Leyla Neyzi, Research Fellow, University of Glasgow
Lila Pine, Associate Professor, New Media, Toronto Metropolitan University
Liliana Suárez, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Lisa Hajjar, Professor of Sociology, UC Santa Barbara
Livia Wick, Associate Professor, American University of Beirut.
Liyana Kayali, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Sydney
Lori Allen, Reader in Anthropology, SOAS University of London.
Lucia Sorbera, Senior Lecturer and Chair Arabic Language and Cultures, The University of Sydney
Luigi Daniele, Senior Lecturer in Law, Nottingham Trent University
Luis Andueza, Lecturer in International Development, King’s College London
Luis Eslava, Professor of International Law, La Trobe University & University of Kent
M. Bahati Kuumba, Professor of Comparative Women’s Studies, Spelman College
M. Muhannad Ayyash, Professor of Sociology, Mount Royal University.
Macarena Aguiló, Académica Universidad de Chile
Madawi Al-Rasheed, Professor, LSE
Madeline G. Levine, Kenan Professor of Slavic Literatures Emerita, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Maghraoui Driss, Al Akhawayn University, Morocco.
Maha Abdallah, Graduate Teaching Assistant & PhD researcher, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp.
Maha Nassar, Associate Professor, University of Arizona.
Maha Shuayb, University of Cambridge and Centre for Lebanese Studies.
Maher Hamoud, Associate Scholar, KU Leuven
Mahsheed Ansari, Senior Lecturer, Charles Sturt University
Mahvish Ahmad, Assistant Professor in Human Rights and Politics, LSE & Co-Director LSE Human Rights.
Mairaj Syed, Professor, Religious Studies and Middle East South Asia Studies, University of California, Davis
Maisha Prome, PhD Candidate, Yale University
Malek Abisaab, Associate Professor McGill University
Mandy Turner, professor of conflict, peace and humanitarian affairs, University of Manchester, UK.
Marcela Alvarez Pérez, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
Marcela Pizarro , Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London
Margaux L Kristjansson, Mellon Postdoctoral Fellow in Native American and Indigenous Studies, Bard College
Maria Bhatti, lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University
Maria Cristina Paciello, researcher, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
Maria Federica Moscati, Reader in Law and Society, University of Sussex.
Maria Haro Sly, Ph.D. Candidate, Johns Hopkins University.
Maria LaHood, Deputy Legal Director, Center for Constitutional Rights.
Maria Rashid Fellow, Gender Studies Department, London School of Economics.
Maria Tzanakopoulou, Lecturer in Law, Birkbeck, University of London
Mariam Motamedi Fraser, Reader in Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
Mariana Gkiati, Assistant Professor, Tilburg University
Marianne Hirschberg, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Kassel, Germany.
Marieke Potma, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
Marilù Mastrogiovanni, Adjunct professor in Journalism, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”
Mario Novelli, University of Sussex
Marion Kaplan, NYU, Emerita
Marios Costa, Senior Lecturer, City, University of London
Marjorie Cohn, Founding Dean, People’s Academy of International Law
Mark Goodman, Professor, Sociology, York University, Toronto
Marnie Holborow, Associate Faculty, Dublin City University
Marsha Henry, London School of Economics
Marsha Rosengarten, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths University of London
Marta Giallombardo, PhD candidate, Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia.
Marwa Daoudy, Associate Professor, Georgetown University
Marwa Neji, researcher, Ghent University, Belgium.
Mary Ana McGlasson, Director, Centre for Humanitarian Leadership, Deakin University, Melbourne
Mary Ellen Davis, part-time faculty, Concordia University, Montréal
Marya Farah, Legal Researcher
Mary Nolan, Professor of History Emerita, New York University
Maryam Aldossari, Associate Professor, Royal Holloway University of London
Matt Howard, Lecturer, University of Kent
Matteo Capasso, University of Venice, Italy.
Matthew Cole, Lecturer in Technology, Work and Employment.
Maud Anne Bracke, Professor of modern European history, University of Glasgow UK
Maura Finkelstein, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Muhlenberg College
Mauricio Amar, Centro de Estudios Árabes Eugenio Chahuan, Universidad de Chile
Maja Janmyr, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo
Maya Mikdashi, Associate Professor, Rutgers University.
Mayur Suresh, Senior Lecturer, SOAS University of London.
Mazen Masri, Senior Lecturer in Law, The City Law School, City University of London.
Maziar Behrooz, San Francisco State University
Madina Thiam, Assistant Professor of History, New York University
Meera Sabaratnam, Associate Professor, University of Oxford
Mehmet Erken, İstanbul University
Mehrdad F. Samadzadeh, University of Toronto
Melania Brito Clavijo, PhD candidate; Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
Melanie Richter-Montpetit, Senior Lecturer in International Security, Department of International Relations, University of Sussex.
Melinda González, Assistant Professor, Georgetown University
Micah Khater, Assistant Professor, University of California-Berkeley
Michael Daniel Yates, Professor Emeritus, University of Pittsburghersity of Pittsburgh
Michael Fakhri, Professor of Law, University of Oregon.
Michael Rodríguez-Muñiz, Associate Professor, University of California, Berkeley
Michael Rothberg, Professor of English, Comparative Literature, and Holocaust Studies, UCLA.
Michel Feher, Editor/Publisher, Zone books, NY.
Michelle Burgis-Kasthala, Senior Lecturer in Public International Law
Michelle Hartman, Professor, McGill University
Michiel Bot, Associate Professor, Tilburg Law School.
Miguel Valderrama, investigador adjunto Instituto de Filosofía, Universidad Diego Portales.
Mikki Stelder, Assistant Professor Global Arts and Politics, University of Amsterdam.
Minoo Moallem, Professor, UC Berkeley
Miriam Ticktin, Professor, CUNY Graduate Center.
Miriyam Aouragh, Professor, University of Westminster.
Mirjam Twigt, Leiden University
Moara Assis Crivelente, Researcher in the Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra
Mohamad Arnaout, Associate Professor, Lebanese International University
Mohamed Ali, PhD Candidate, Georgetown University
Mohamed Mathee, Senior Lecturer, University of Johannesburg.
Mohamed Sayed, Associate instructor and PhD candidate at Indiana University
Mohamed Wajdi Ben Hammed, Assistant Professor at UC Berkeley
Mohammad Ataie, Lecturer, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Mohammad Fakhreddine, Assistant Teaching Professor, Georgetown University
Mohammad Shahabuddin, Professor, University of Birmingham
Mohammed Abukhdeir. Abukhdeir family President
Mohammed Sawaie, Professor, University of Virginia
Mohan Rao, former professor at JNU, New Delhi
Mohsen al Attar, Reader, Associate Dean, XJTLU
Mona Baker, University of Oslo
Monisha Das Gupta, University of Hawaiʻi
Mridula Mukherjee JNU India Retired Professor
Murad Idris, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
Myria Georgiou, Professor, LSE
Mythri Jegathesan, Associate Professor, Santa Clara University.
Nabil Al-Tikriti, Professor, University of Mary Washington
Nabil Salih, graduate student at Bard College
Nada Elia, Visiting Professor, Western Washington University
Nadeem Karkabi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of Haifa
Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian, Lawrence D Biele Chair in Law, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Global Chair in Law, Queen Mary University of London.
Nadia Abu El-Haj, Ann Whitney Olin Professor, Barnard College & Columbia University.
Nadia Ahmad, Associate Professor of Law, Barry University; PhD Student, Yale School of the Environment
Nadia Guessous, Colorado College
Nadia Silhi Chahin, PhD researcher, Law School – University of Edinburgh
Nadine El-Enany, Professor of Law, University of Kent.
Nadje Al-Ali, Professor of Anthropology and Middle East Studies, Brown University
Nahla Abdo, Professor, Carleton University.
Naiefa Rashied, Lecturer: School of Economics, University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
Nalini Mohabir, Associate Professor, Concordia University.
Namita Wahi, Senior Fellow, Centre for Policy Research.
Nancy Gallagher, professor emerita, UCSB
Nandini Chandra, Associate Professor, University of Hawaii at Manoa
Naomi Taub, Postdoctoral Fellow, UCLA
Naoual El Yattouti, PhD Researcher University of Antwerp
Natalie Kouri-Towe, Associate Professor, Concordia University
Natasha Iskander, Professor of Urban Planning and Public Service, New York University
Nathalie Khankan, Continuing Lecturer, UC Berkeley
Nathaniel George, Lecturer in Politics of the Middle East, SOAS, University of London
Naveed Ahmad Mir. PhD student and GTA, Kent Law School.
Naveeda Khan, Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University
Nazia Kazi, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Stockton University.
Nesrine Badawi, Associate Professor, The American University in Cairo
Niall Meehan, Head, Journalism & Media Faculty, Griffith College, Dublin (retired)
Niamh Rooney, Assistant Lecturer, Dept. of International Development, Maynooth University
Nichola Khan. Professor, University of Edinburgh
Nicola Perugini, Associate Professor, University of Edinburgh.
Nicola Pratt, Professor of the International Politics of the Middle East, University of Warwick
Nicola Soekoe, Counsel, Pan African Bar Association of South Africa (PABASA).
Nicole Beardsworth, Wits University
Nicole Ranganath, Assistant Professor, UC Davis
Nicos Trimikliniotis, Professor, University of Nicosia.
Nida Kirmani, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences
Nikhita Mendis, Anthropology PhD Student, University of Chicago
Nimer Sultany, Reader in Public Law, SOAS University of London.
Nimet Cebeci, PhD Candidate, Harvard University
Nina Eliasoph, University of Southern California
Nina Farnia, Assistant Professor, Albany Law School
Nisha Kapoor, Associate Professor, University of Warwick
Nivi Manchanda, Reader in International Politics Queen Mary University of London
Noah Salomon, Associate Professor, University of Virginia
Noam Peleg, Senior Lecturer,
Noor Gieles, MD & PhD student, Amsterdam UMC.
Nora E.H. Parr, Research Fellow, University of Birmingham
Norma Rantisi, Concordia University.
Nour El Kadri, Professor, University of Ottawa
Noura Erakat, Associate Professor, Rutgers University, New Brunswick.
Noura Nasser, PhD student, LSE.
Noureddine Jebnoun, Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University
Ntina Tzouvala, Associate Professor ANU College of Law.
Nusrat S Chowdhury, Associate Professor, Amherst College
Olga Grau, Universidad de Chile
Olga Touloumi, Associate Professor, Bard College
Oludamini Ogunnaike, University of Virginia
Olúfẹ́mi O. Táíwò, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Georgetown University
Omar Al-Ghazzi, Associate Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
Omar Farahat, Associate Professor, McGill University
Omar Jabary Salamanca, Postdoc Fellow, Université libre de Bruxelles.
Omer Bartov, Samuel Pisar Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Department of History; Faculty Fellow, Watson Institute for International & Public Affairs, Brown University.
Omid Safi, Professor, Duke University
Omnia El Shakry, Professor of History, Yale University
Omr Kassem, University of Chicago
Osama Siddique. Inaugural Henry J. Steiner Professor of Human Rights. Harvard law School.
Osman Bakar, Professor of Islamic Thought, International Islamic University Malaysia
Othman Belkebir, Ph.D researcher, Geneva Graduate Institute.
Ozlem Biner Senior Lecturer in Anthropology, SOAS
Pablo Oyarzun R., Universidad de Chile.
Paola Rivetti, Associate Professor, Dublin City University
Paola Zichi, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Warwick Law School
Patricia Sampedro, postgraduate student in International Development at the University of Oxford
Patrick Shi Timmer, Postgraduate Student, King’s College London.
Paul Michael Garrett, PhD, D. Lit, MRIA, University of Galway
Paula Chakravartty, James Weldon Johnson Associate Professor of Media Studies, NYU
Pauline Martini, Doctoral researcher, Queen Mary University of London.
Pete W. Moore, Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University
Peter Drury, Kent Law School, PhD Student.
Peter Hallward, Professor of Philosophy, Kingston University UK
Pietro Masina, professor, University of Naples L’Orientale.
Pınar Kemerli, Assistant Professor, Bard College
Polly Withers, Leverhulme ECF, LSE
Pooja Rangan, Associate Professor of English in Film and Media Studies, Amherst College
Popy Begum, Saint Louis University.
R. Brian Ferguson, Rutgers University-Newark
Rabea Eghbariah, SJD Candidate, Harvard Law School.
Rachad Antonius, retired full professor, Université du Québec à Montréal
Rahima Siddique, Phd Student, University of Manchester.
Rahul Rao, Reader, University of St Andrews
Rami G Khouri, American University of Beirut.
Ran Zwigenberg, Associate Professor of Asian Studies, History, and Jewish Studies, Pennsylvania State University.
Rana Kazkaz, Associate Professor, Northwestern University Qatar
Randa M. Wahbe; PhD student; Harvard University
Randa Tawil, Texas Christian University
Raphael Salkie, Emeritus Professor of Language Studies, University of Brighton
Rasha Bayoumi, Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Birmingham
Rashid Yahiaoui, Assistant Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar.
Ratna Kapur, Professor, Queen Mary University of London
Raz Segal, Associate Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Stockton University.
Razan AlSalah, Concordia University.
Rebecca Ruth Gould, Professor, SOAS University of London.
Reem Abou-El-Fadl, Senior Lecturer in Comparative Politics of the Middle East, SOAS University of London
Reem Al-Botmeh, Lecturer, Institute of Law, Birzeit University
Reem Awny Abuzaid, PhD candidate, University of Warwick
Renate Bridenthal, The City University of New York
Renisa Mawani, Professor, Sociology, University of British Columbia.
Reuven Pinnata, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Washington.
Rhys Machold, Senior Lecturer, University of Glasgow
Ricarda Hammer, Assistant Professor, UC Berkeley
Richard Clements, Assistant Professor, Tilburg Law School
Richard Falk, Professor emeritus of international law at Princeton University.
Richard Marcuse, Anthropology, formerly University of Victoria
Richard Wild, Principal Lecturer in Criminology, University of Greenwich
Rita Sakr, Maynooth University
Robert Crews, Professor of History, Stanford University
Roberto Filippello, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterd.
Rochelle Davis, Sultanate of Oman Associate Professor, Georgetown University
Rodante van der Waal, PhD-candidate, University for Humanistic Studies.
Rodrigo C. Bulamah, Professor, State University of Rio de Janeiro
Roger Heacock, Professor of history emeritus , Birzeit University, Palestine
Rohini Sen, School of Law, University of Warwick.
Ronak Kapadia, Associate Professor, University of Illinois Chicago
Ronit Lentin, Retired Associate Professor of Sociology, Trinity College Dublin
Rose Parfitt, Senior Lecturer in International Law, University of Kent.
Rosemarie Buikema , professor of art, culture and diversity
Roxana Pessoa Cavalcanti, University of Brighton
Roxana Pey, académica Universidad de Chile.
Ruba Salih, Professor, Università di Bologna.
Ruth Fletcher, Reader in Law, Queen Mary University of London
S. Hasan Mahmud, retired professor Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
S. Sayyid, Professor of Decolonial Thought and Social Theory, University of Leeds.
S. Yaser Mirdamadi Researcher and lecturere at the Institute of Ismaʼili Studies, London.
Saada Hammad, part time instructor, Holt Spirit University of Kaslik.
Saadat Umar Pirzada, Assistant Lecturer, PhD Candidate, Kent Law School.
Sabreena Ghaffar-Siddiqui Sheridan College
Sacide Ataş, Ph.D. Candidate, Istanbul Medeniyet University
Sadiyya Haffejee, Associate Professor, University of Johannesburg.
Sa’ed Atshan, Associate Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies and Anthropology, Swarthmore College
Sai Englert, Lecturer, Leiden University.
Salem Abdellatif Al-Shawafi, Professor of Philosophy, Community College Qatar.
Samer Abdelnour, Senior Lecturer, University of Edinburgh.
Samer Jabbour, Researcher, Syrian Center for Policy Studies.
Sami Hermez, Director of Liberal Arts Program and Associate professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University in Qatar
Samia Bano, SOAS, University of London.
Samia Henni, Cornell University
Sandro Mezzadra, Professor, University of Bologna
Santiago Alberto Vargas Niño, Lecturer in IH(R)L and ICL, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
Santosh Anand, Assistant Lecturer, Kent Law School, University of Kent
Santosh Mehrotra, Visiting Professor, institute for Policy Research, University of Bath
Sara Alsaraf, University of Birmingham, UK, PhD Student
Sara Chaudhry, Senior Lecturer, Birkbeck
Sara Dehm, Senior Lecturer, University of Technology Sydney
Sara Elbrolosy, Georgetown University.
Sara Matthews, Associate Professor of Culture and Conflict, Global Studies and Communication Studies, Wilfrid Laurier University
Sara Pursley, Associate Professor, New York University
Sara Razai , Lecturer, University of Westminster.
Sarah Bracke, Professor, University of Amsterdam.
Sarah El-Kazaz, Senior Lecturer, SOAS, University of London
Sarah Ghabrial, Assoc. Prof, Concordia University (Montreal)
Sarah Ihmoud, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, The College of the Holy Cross.
Sarah Irving, Lecturer in History, Staffordshire University
Sarah Keenan, Reader in Law, Birkbeck College, University of London
Sarah Lamble, Reader in Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
Sarah Phillips, Professor of Global Conflict and Development, The University of Sydney
Sarah Raymundo , Assistant Professor, Center for International Studies University of the Philippines Diliman
Sasan Fayazmanesh, Professor Emeritus of Economics, California State University, Fresno
Scheherazade Bloul, PhD, Deakin University
Scott Newton, Professor of Laws of Central Asia, SOAS University of London
Sean Lee, Assistant Professor of Political Science, American University in Cairo
Sean T. Mitchell, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Rutgers University-Newark
Sebastián Link, PhD student, Johns Hopkins University.
Selim Can Bilgin, Partner at Kabine Law
Shabbir Agha Abbas, PhD Candidate, University of Arizona
Shabnam Holliday, University of Plymouth
Shahd Hammouri, University of Kent.
Shakuntala Banaji, Professor, LSE
Sharika Thiranagama, Associate Professor, Stanford University Dept. of Anthropology.
Sharmila Parmanand, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science.
Sheer Ganor, History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.
Shehnaz Abdeljaber, University of Pennsylavania
Sherene Seikaly, UCSB
Shirin Saeidi, University of Arkansas
Shohini Sengupta, Associate Professor, O.P. Jindal Global University, India
Siddhartha Deb, Associate Professor, The New School
Siggie Vertommen, Assistant Professor at University of Amsterdam.
Sigrid Schmalzer, Professor of History, University of Masschusetts Amherst
Silvia Groaz, Professor of Architecture History, ENSA Paris-Est
Silvia Posocco, Reader in Social Anthropology, Birkbeck, University of London
Simidele Dosekun, Assistant Professor, London School of Economics and Political Science
Simon McKenzie, Lecturer, Griffith Law School
Simone Sibilio, Associate Professor, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice
Sinéad Mercier, PhD Researcher (international law), University College Dublin
Sinead Ring, Lecturer School of Law and Criminology Maynooth University
Siobhán Wills, Director of the Transitional Justice Institute, Ulster University
Sivamohan Valluvan, Associate Professor, University of Warwick
Sladjana Lazic, Assistant Professor, University of Innsbruck.
Sneha Annavarapu, Yale-NUS college
Sophia Brown, postdoctoral researcher, Freie Universität Berlin
Sophia Stamatopoulou-Robbins, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Bard College
Sophie Richter-Devroe, Associate Professor, Hamad Bin Khalifa University
Souheir Edelbi, Lecturer, School of Law, Western Sydney University
Stefan Kipfer, York University
Stephanie Deig, PhD Candidate, University of Lucerne
Steven Alan Carr, Director, Institute for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Purdue University Fort Wayne (affiliation for identification purposes only).
Steven I. Levine, Research Faculty Associate, Dept. of History, University of Montana, USA
Sujith Xavier, Associate Professor, University of Windsor
Sultan Doughan, Lecturer, Goldsmiths, University of London.
Sumathy Sivamohan, Professor, University of Peradeniya.
Sumayya Kassamali, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
Sumedha Choudhury, PhD candidate, Melbourne Law School
Sumi Madhok, London School of Economics.
Sune Haugbolle, Professor, Roskilde University
Surabhi Ranganathan, Professor of International Law; Director of Postgraduate Education, University of Cambridge
Suraya Khan, Assistant Professor, San Antonio College
Susan M. Akram, Clinical Professor, Boston University School of Law
Susan Power, Head of Legal Research and Advocacy, Al-Haq
Susanne Wessendorf, Professor of Social Anthropology, Coventry University
Suzana Rahde Gerchmann, PhD candidate and GTA at City, University of London.
Swati Chattopadhyay, Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
Sydney Chuen, Georgetown University.
Syed Muhammad Omar, PhD Research, University of Kansas
Syeda Masood, Phd candidate, Brown University
Talal Asad, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, City University of New York
Tamanisha J. John, Assistant Professor at York University
Tamsin Phillipa Paige, Senior Lecturer, Deakin Law School
Taner Akcam, Director of Armenian Genocide Research Program at Promise Armenian Institute, UCLA.
Tani Barlow, Professor of History, Rice University
Tania Saeed, Associate Professor, Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS), Pakistan
Tanya Serisier, Reader in Feminist Theory and Criminology, Birkbeck, University of London
Tanzil Chowdhury, Associate Professor of Public Law, Queen Mary University of London
Tarik Nejat Dinc, Visiting Assistant Professor, Reed College
Tariq Khan, Associate Professor, Govt College Township Lahore.
Tasniem Anwar, Assistant Professor, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Tendayi Achiume, Professor of Law UCLA School of Law
Teresa Almeida Cravo, Associate Professor, University of Coimbra, Portugal
Terri Ginsberg, Faculty, City University of New York
Thalia Kruger, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Antwerp
Thomas Blom Hansen, Professor of Anthropology, Stanford University.
Thomas Cowan, University of Nottingham
Thomas Earl Porter, Professor of Russian, Modern European and Genocide Studies, North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University
Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam.
Tim Lindgren, Postdoctoral Fellow in International Law at Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam
Timothy Mitchell, Professor, Columbia University
Tom Frost, Senior Lecturer, Kent Law School.
Tom Pettinger, Research Fellow, University of Warwick
Tor Krever, Assistant Professor in International Law, University of Cambridge
Tori Fleming, Doctoral Student, York University
Traek Z. Ismail, CUNY School of Law
Trevor Lies, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Kansas.
Trevor Ngwane, senior lecturer, University of Johannesburg
Triestino Mariniello, LJMU
Ubeydullah Ademi, PhD Student, Northwestern University
Umair Pervez, Instructor University of Calgary
Usha Natarajan, LPE Faculty Fellow, Yale Law School
Valentina Zagaria, Research Associate, Anthropology Department, University of Manchester
Valerie Forman, Associate professor, New York University
Van Aken Mauro University of Milan-Bicocca, Italy
Vanessa Ramos, Asociación Americana de Juristas, President
Vasiliki Touhouliotis, Adjunct Faculty and Independent Scholar, Portland State University
Vasken Markarian, PhD, University of Texas at Austin
Vasuki Nesiah, Professor of Practice in Human Rights and International Law, The Gallatin School, NYU.
Victoria Sanford, PhD, Lehman Professor of Excellence, Lehman College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York.
Victoria Veguilla del Moral, Pablo de Olvide University
Vida Samiian, Professor & Dean Emerita, CSU Fresno
Vidya Kumar, Senior Lecturer in Law, SOAS, University of London
Vikki Bell, Professor of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London
Vivan, Itala, Professor, Università degli Studi, Milano, Italy
Wade McMullen, international human rights lawyer, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
Wail S. Hassan, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Walaa Alqaisiya, University of Venice-Italy.
Waqas Tufail, Reader in Criminology, Leeds Beckett University
Waseem Yaqoob, Lecturer, History of Political Thought
Wassim Naboulsi, Research Associate in IR, University of Sussex.
Wendy Brown, Professor, Institute for Advanced Study.
Wendy DeSouza, Adjunct Professor in Women and Gender Studies, Sonoma State University
Wendy Gifford, Professor, University of Ottawa
Wendy Pearlman, Professof Political Science, Northwestern University.
William I Robinson, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, University of California at Santa Barbara
William Mazzarella, Neukom Family Professor of Anthropology, University of Chicago
Yaseen Noorani, Associate Professor, University of Arizona
Yaser Amouri, PhD, Public International Law, Birzeit University, Palestine
Yasmeen Azam, graduate student, UC Berkeley
Yasmeen Hanoosh, Professor, Portland State University
Yasmine Kherfi, PhD Student, LSE
Yasmine Nahlawi, Legal Consultant.
Yolande Jansen, Professor, University of Amsterdam
Yosefa Loshitzky, Professor, University of London, UK
Yusuf Ahmed, Tutor, SOAS.
Zahra Ali, Assistant Professor at Rutgers University-Newark.
Zahra Moloo, PhD candidate, Human Geography, University of Toronto
Zakia Salime, Associate Professor , Rutgers
Zeina Jamal, PhD, Queen Margaret University
Zoé Samudzi, Visiting Assistant Professor, Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, Clark University
Zoha Waseem, University of Warwick
Zoya Hasan, Professor Emerita, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
About the author
The TWAIL Review is an open-access journal & website for writing and thinking from the perspectives of Third World approaches to international law (TWAIL).